SOUTH DAKOTA Department of
Environment & Natural Resources

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523 E Capitol
Pierre, SD 57501
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Feedlot Permit Program

Feedlot Permit Program

Kent Woodmansey, Administrator - email

Nicole Stasch, Secretary

Phone (605) 773-3351 - Fax (605) 773-5286

Pork Production Overstocking - Mortality Composting - Milk Disposal - General Feedlot Permit Program

CLICK HERE TO COMPLETE THE ONLINE HOG LIMIT WAIVER FORM


DENR Pork General Permit Hog Limit Waiver for COVID-19 Pandemic Disruptions
To assist pork producers during this pandemic that has disrupted the normal pork supply chain, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) can provide regulatory flexibility to South Dakota pork producers by allowing for the temporary overstocking of operations above their maximum permitted animal number.

Those seeking this regulatory relief that hold a General Water Pollution Control Permit shall contact the DENR by completing the online form or by emailing Kent.Woodmansey@state.sd.us with the information listed below. Once this information is provided, the department will automatically grant the permittee a 60-day waiver of the maximum permitted animal number limit. If current conditions persist, the DENR may extend the waiver beyond 60-days. DENR will respond to your email confirming receipt and may contact for additional information.

INFORMATION TO SUBMIT TO DENR:

SUBJECT: DENR Pork General Permit Hog Limit Waiver
Facility Name: _________________________ Phone number: ________________
County of operation: ___________________
Reason for overstocking: _COVID-19 supply chain disruption
Number of days it is anticipated the operation will be overstocked: _____ days

By submitting this email for regulatory flexibility, _(Producer Name)_ confirms that the CAFO will continue to meet all other requirements of the General Water Pollution Control Permit.

SAMPLE PORK PRODUCER WAIVER EMAIL:

TO: Kent.Woodmansey@state.sd.us
SUBJECT: DENR Pork General Permit Hog Limit Waiver

BODY:
Facility Name: __John Doe Farms_(DENR SAMPLE) Phone number: _(605) 773-3351__
County of operation: ___Hughes______________
Reason for overstocking: _COVID-19 supply chain disruption
Number of days it is anticipated the operation will be overstocked: _60__ days

By submitting this email for regulatory flexibility, (John Doe) confirms that the CAFO will continue to meet all other requirements of the General Water Pollution Control Permit.

DENR Requirments for Temporary Mortality Composting Sites

Mortality sites at unpermitted operations and permitted operations must comply with the Animal Industry Board’s requirements. Please contact the Animal Industry Board at (605) 773-3321 for information about mortality composing and disposal. The Animal Industry Board is responsible for animal mortalities.

Unpermitted Operations and Permitted Operations Not Using Manure in the Mortality Composting Process
Producers need to ensure there is not a discharge or runoff of pollutants from the composting site. Producers may want to consider locating these sites outside the 100-year flood plain, where identified, and, at least 200 feet from any natural or manmade drainage.  Placing the compost on a compacted earthen surface, covering the stockpile, and constructing a compacted soil berm to contain process wastewater runoff from the stockpiling site are all options the producer may want to consider.  The department will not be involved with these sites unless we receive a water pollution complaint.  It is important that the producer operates these sites to prevent water pollution.

Permitted Operations Using Manure or Process Wastewater in the Mortality Composting Process
The department is not requiring submittal of a revised Operation & Maintenance guideline and an updated site plan or aerial photograph showing the composting site location for temporary composting necessitated by the COVID-19 pandemic. For temporary composting practices as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the producer must notify the department in writing that they are planning to temporarily compost mortalities and identify the location of the temporary composting site. This written notification can also be provided by email at Kent.Woodmansey@state.sd.us .  Producers may want to consider locating these sites outside the 100-year flood plain, where identified, at least 200 feet from any natural or manmade drainage, and not on land application fields with 2-4 foot soil sampling requirements.  Placing the compost on a compacted earthen surface, covering the stockpile, and constructing a compacted soil berm to contain process wastewater runoff from the stockpiling site are all options the producer may want to consider. It is important that the producer operates these sites to prevent water pollution. The composted material must be land applied in accordance with the operation’s approved nutrient management plan when composting is complete.

If mortality composting becomes a permanent change at a permitted operation, a revised Operation & Maintenance guideline and an updated site plan or aerial photograph showing the location of the long-term composting site will be required (see 2017 general permit , Section 1.4.3.3.y on page 23).

Additional Information for Pork Producers

The South Dakota Pork Producers recently emailed a newsletter that had information on methods to slow finishing pig growth.  For more information, please contact either Dr. Bob Thaler by email at Robert.thaler@sdstate.edu or phone at (605) 695-6444 or Dr. Ryan Samuel by email at Ryan.Samuel@sdstate.edu or by phone at (605) 688-5431.

Milk Disposal at Dairies
Dairy operations have four options for milk disposal:

  1. Use the milk for livestock feed,
  2. Put the milk in the operation’s manure management system.  The operation would need to have capacity in the system below the permanent marker before they need to land apply manure.  The operation will need to follow its nutrient management plan, including sampling and determining an application rate prior to sampling.  We would recommend this manure/process wastewater only be incorporated as there is an increased potential for odors.  The operation should also check in with the county where they are land applying.
  3. A dairy operation could land apply milk on their own property provided that it doesn’t create a nuisance or a hazard to public health, does not violate a local ordinance or unlawfully pollute ground or surface waters. Other land application scenarios would need a nutrient management plan and beneficial use evaluation approval from department’s Waste Management Program.  Please contact Steve Kropp (605) 773-3153 with that program for more information, and
  4. If milk is put in a municipal wastewater system, there would need to be approval granted by the municipality and the producer would also need to check with Tina McFarling with our pretreatment program to make sure the discharge would not require a pretreatment permit.

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The Feedlot Permit Program protects surface and ground waters of South Dakota by regulating concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) and on-site wastewater (septic tank) systems.

The program's primary responsibilities are to:

Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs)

CAFO regulation in South Dakota is guided by a comprehensive general water pollution control permit for concentrated animal feeding operations. Links to the left provide general permit guidance to producers for planning requirements, the importance of proper site planning, collection and storage of manure, design criteria, nutrient management plans, soil and manure testing, manure application restrictions, and other producer responsibilities.

Septic Systems

On-site wastewater systems in South Dakota typically consist of a septic tank and drainfield. The state has developed design requirements to ensure wastewater discharged into these systems does not pose a risk to human health and the environment. Links to the left provide state rules for regulating onsite wastewater systems, a checklist of information required when submitting installation plans, guidance for septic tank installer certification, a list of certified installers, land application and disposal guidance, and more. For more information, contact Matt Cherney at (605) 773-3351.

 

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