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Air Quality


Volkswagen Settlement - South Dakota Mitigation Trust



Welcome to DENR’s Volkswagen Settlement - South Dakota Mitigation Trust webpage. Click on the links below for additional information about the Trust or contact Barb Regynski at (605) 773-3151.

  • Latest Updates
  • Background Information
  • Eligible Mitigation Actions
  • State Allocation
  • Beneficiary Mitigation Plan
  • Bus Program Page
  • Truck Program Page
  • EVCS Program Page
  • Latest Updates

    March 5, 2021 - DENR is proposing revisions to South Dakota’s Volkswagen Beneficiary Mitigation Plan.   Public comment were taken through April 9, 2021. These are the comments received in response to the draft revisions to the beneficiary mitigation plan.

    February 17, 2021 - Round Four rebate recipients announced for the VW Truck Program. Click here for more information.

    January 13, 2021 - Round 13 bus rebate recipients announced. The Department will use EPA DERA funds, VW funds from Category 10 (The DERA Option), and Category 2 (Class 4-8 Buses) for the project. Information is available on the Clean Diesel Program webpage.

    December 3, 2020 - Round One rebate recipients of the Volkswagen Electric Vehicle Charging Station announced. Click here for more information.

    April 2019 - On March 5, 2019, the Governor signed HB1258, giving spending authority for the Volkswagen Mitigation Trust funds. The initial mitigation funding project will be used for school, shuttle and transit bus replacement. The Department will use VW funds from Category 10 (The DERA Option) for the project; and if the response for projects is extensive, Category 2 (Class 4-8 Buses) may also be used. Recipients and award amounts are available on the Clean Diesel Program webpage.

    South Dakota specific reports are available here.

    Background Information

    On January 24, 2016, the United States and the State of California filed a lawsuit against Volkswagen alleging it had manufactured diesel cars sold and operated in the U.S. beginning in 2009 with systems intended to defeat emissions tests. These systems allowed vehicles to emit nitrogen oxide (NOx) pollution at levels that significantly exceeded the amounts allowed under the Clean Air Act.

    Volkswagen has agreed to settle some of these allegations. The first partial settlement was in regard to the installation and use of emission testing defeat devices in 2.0 liter diesel vehicles and a second partial settlement was in regard to the installation and use of emission testing defeat devices in 3.0 liter diesel vehicles. The overall settlement consists of three major parts:

    Part 1: Buyback, Lease Termination, Vehicle Modification and Emissions Compliant Recall Program

    Volkswagen is required to earmark about $11.2 billion ($10.033 billion from the first 2.0 liter consent decree and $1.2 billion from the second 3.0 liter consent decree) to buy back affected noncompliant vehicles, terminate leases early, or repair the vehicles by 2019 or 2020 depending on the make and model. Volkswagen administers this part of the settlement directly with affected vehicle owners. Additional information is available at

    Part 2: National Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Investment Plan

    Volkswagen is required to invest $2 billion ($800 million within California and $1.2 billion outside of California) over 10 years in the zero emissions vehicle (ZEV) infrastructure, access, and awareness initiatives. The form of the Trust Agreement can be found in Appendix C of the first partial consent decree. This part of the settlement will be administered by Volkswagen, the U.S. EPA and California in four 30-month investment cycles. For each round, project proposals are submitted to Volkswagen, and Volkswagen develops an investment plan to be reviewed and approved by the EPA. The first round of project proposals closed January 16, 2017. Proposals for the second round are currently being accepted. Additional information is available at

    Part 3: Environmental Mitigation Trust

    Volkswagen is required to fund an Environmental Mitigation Trust in the amount of $2.925 billion ($2.7 billion from the first 2.0 liter consent decree and $225 million from the second 3.0 liter consent decree) to be used to offset the lifetime excess air pollution (i.e. nitrogen oxide emissions) emitted by the Volkswagen vehicles that violated the Clean Air Act. The form of the Trust Agreement can be found in Appendix D of the first partial consent decree. The fund is distributed among states, territories and federally-recognized tribes based on the proportion of affected VW diesel vehicles registered in each jurisdiction.

    Eligible Mitigation Actions

    The Trust establishes a process to administer the funds, and identifies 10 categories of mitigation actions that will be eligible for funding along with reimbursement rates for these actions. Eligible actions focus on reducing nitrogen oxide pollution from primarily diesel-powered trucks and buses. Generally, the types of approved actions include replacing older diesel-powered trucks, buses, industrial vehicles and other powered equipment with new, lower emissions equipment. Categories of eligible vehicles and equipment are as follows:

    1. Class 8 local freight trucks and port drayage trucks
    2. Class 4-8 school buses, shuttle buses or transit buses
    3. Freight switcher locomotives
    4. Ferries and tugs
    5. Ocean going vessels shorepower
    6. Class 4-7 local freight trucks
    7. Airport ground support equipment
    8. Forklifts and port cargo handling equipment
    9. Light duty Zero Emissions Vehicle supply equipment
    10. Matching funds for projects eligible under the federal Diesel Emission Reduction Act (DERA)

    State Allocation

    South Dakota expects to receive $8.125 million dollars from the Environmental Mitigation Trust. The funds are to be disbursed within 10 years, with no more than one-third disbursed in the first year or two-thirds disbursed in the first two years. A Beneficiary Mitigation Plan must be developed that summarizes how the State allocation of mitigation funds will be distributed among the various eligible mitigation actions to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions. The Plan will be based on eligible mitigation actions that can produce the greatest air quality benefit in terms of nitrogen oxide emission reductions, reduced public exposure, and the promotion of clean vehicle technologies. The Plan will be developed through a public process, with multiple opportunities for public comment.

    The court has approved a Trustee who will be responsible for administering the Trust. The State and Tribe Trust Agreements have been executed by the settling parties and filed with the court. As a result of this filing, the Trust Effective Date has been set to October 2, 2017.  The Trust Effective Date kicked off the timeline for each state to take the required actions to qualify to receive funds. Within 60 days of the Trust Effective Date, South Dakota needed to submit a Certification Form in electronic format and by mail, signed by the Governor, explaining how South Dakota qualifies to be a Beneficiary under the Trust. This form was submitted November 21, 2017. On January 29, 2018, South Dakota was designated as a beneficiary to the State Trust. The Notice of Availability of Mitigation Action Funds was submitted to the federal agencies on February 8, 2018.

    Beneficiary Mitigation Plan

    On August 16, 2018, a public hearing was held by the Board of Minerals and Environment (BME) to hear additional testimony before finalizing and approving the beneficiary mitigation plan. There were no changes made and the approved beneficiary mitigation plan was submitted to the Trustee.

    Prior to the public hearing, DENR developed this webpage in September 2017, to keep everyone informed on how the Volkswagen funds are spent and accept public input on the draft beneficiary mitigation plan. The beneficiary mitigation plan outlines how the Volkswagen mitigation trust funds will be spent. After receiving informal input, DENR drafted the beneficiary mitigation plan and public notice was given that the draft beneficiary mitigation plan was open for public comment through June 15, 2018. Public Input meetings were held in Rapid City and Sioux Falls. The presentation from the meetings can be viewed here. These are the comments received prior to the draft beneficiary mitigation plan and the comments received in response to the draft beneficiary mitigation plan. DENR prepared a Response to Comments on July 10, 2018.