Educate and involve employees and residents in water conservation efforts.
Water System Maintenance/Improvements:
Implement a water-loss management program (e.g. repair leaks). The water industry goal for unaccounted-for-water is 10%.
Water utilities should strive for universal metering.
Consider a reclaimed wastewater distribution system for non-potable uses.
Ensure that fire hydrants are tamper proof.
Install ultra-low flow toilets and urinals in municipal buildings, or by installing dams on existing toilets. Retrofit water-saving devices in flushometer valves.
Install faucet aerators and low flow shower heads in municipal buildings.
As municipal appliances or equipment wear out, replace them with water-saving models.
Minimize the water used in cooling equipment in accordance with manufacturers recommendations. Shut off cooling units when not needed.
Eliminate "once-through" cooling of equipment with municipal water by recycling water flow to cooling tower or replacing with air-cooled equipment.
Consider installing new water-saving pool filters.
Policies and Programs to Encourage Water Conservation:
Ensure the utility rate structure encourages water efficiency, or at least does not encourage water waste.
Offer incentive programs (rebates/tax credit) to homeowners and businesses to encourage replacement of plumbing fixtures and appliances with water-efficient models.
Make retrofit kits for residences and businesses available free or at cost. Kits may contain low flow faucet aerators, high efficiency showerheads, leak detection toilets, and replacement valves.
Promote water-efficient landscape practices to home owners and businesses, especially those with large, irrigated properties. Practices include use of native plants, landscape innovation to reduce water use , and more efficient irrigation. See Landscapes for additional information.